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Christian Fuchs interview by Pasko Bilic on Media studies,Marx, Castells, Jenkins, PRISM, Occupy, etc. etc.

Nettime - 22 October, 2013 - 02:09
Original to: ?Castells and Jenkins: ? these approaches are terribly flawed?: An interview with Christian Fuchs Conducted by Pasko Bilic First published on the Sociologija Media Blog An interview covering topics such as critical media and communication studies, media sociology, interdisciplinarity, Karl Marx, social theory, the digital labour theory of value, social media, the Internet, Manuel Castells, Henry Jenkins, PRISM and global surveillance, Occupy and media reforms. 1) What first got you interested in media and communication studies? My background is social informatics and I was interested in computing. On the other hand, I come from Austria where we have a far-right party ? the FP?? that has been very strong for many decades and they were using media for spreading right-wing extremist ideologies. J?rg Haider was not just a right-wing extremist political and ideological phenomenon, but also a media spectacle. So I was interested in how the media are used for disseminati

History of Computer Art

Nettime - 22 October, 2013 - 00:32
IASLonline Lessons in NetArt: Theory Thomas Dreher: History of Computer Art The first part of the fourth chapter of the "History of Computer Art" is now online in the English translation. The missing chapters IV.2 to VIII will follow. Chapter IV.1 on "Video Tools": URL: Based on an e-mail dialogue with James Seawright I prepared an update of chapter II.3.3. Now it contains detailled descriptions of the installations "Electronic Peristyle" (1968) and "Network III" (1971). URL:

Re: Why Glenn Greenwald's new media venture is a big deal

Nettime - 21 October, 2013 - 21:23
Dear Joly. The only reason any of this is surprising to Muggels is that the Virtualization seems to be becoming Real, as the New Aesthetic would suggest. Any Marxist paying attention would have to argue that Real was an invention of Class, and never existed before humans. Perhaps I offer too little sympathy for those inside the Matrix, but the uses of Language have remained fairly consistent throughout recorded history despite the machinations of Formal society. Humans are easily mis-lead, and this is why Democracy relies on an Educated populace. The rest of it is theater; stop kidding yourself. To put it sharply: people do not believe what is on Fox News, their belief structure is far more complex than that, simply because they are human. Bishop Zareh On Oct 20, 2013, at 7:46 PM, Joly MacFie wrote: <...>

Why Glenn Greenwald's new media venture is a big deal

Nettime - 21 October, 2013 - 05:46
Why Glenn Greenwald?s new media venture is a big deal By HENRY FARRELL Oct 17 2013 < Glenn Greenwald, who has published many of the most important scoops from the Edward Snowden leaks, is leaving The Guardian and setting up a new media venture with long-time journalist Laura Poitras and Jeremy Scahill from The Nation. The venture is being funded by eBay founder Pierre Omidyar, who has suggested that he?s prepared to invest more than $250 million in the new venture. This is big news for journalism. It?s also big news for people interested in the relationship between information technology and politics. Martha Finnemore and I drafted a paper a couple of years ago about how Wikileaks-type organizations were changing the relationship between knowledge, politics and hypocrisy. Our ideas about hypocrisy led to an article on the true consequences of the Snowden leaks, which is coming out in the

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 16:42
First, "right-wing-ness" is misleading, especially insofar as those considered far right and those considered far left have never been closer in outlook and their lists of what to overturn. Once it is both ends against the middle, you enter a pre-revolutionary setting. Let us not wander down that rat hole, please, in the large or in the small. As to the topical interest (in re surveillance) or lack thereof amongst the population in a broad sense, various undergraduate students of various correspondents here, and so forth, comparing the digital world of today to the analog world of yesterday, is it not clear that the total volume of signal has risen spectacularly but not as spectacularly as the volume of noise? Perhaps the middle can be forgiven its preoccupation with such matters while it focuses on the fact that it is only the middle that is shrinking. What to say and how to say is the challenge of folks here (but to say it outside of this echo chamber). As a possible contribution, I gave this keynote to

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the DigitalPanopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 15:19
billions is, indeed, an overstatement, but: the state dept had tens of millions spent every year on promoting "internet freedoms": " From 2008 through 2011, the State Department and USAID have spent $76 million on Internet freedom programming." " The FY 2014 request includes $25 million for activities related to internet freedom through the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor ($18 million) and the Near East Regional Democracy program ($7 million) at the State Department. Much of this investment is focused on supporting the development and spread of anti-censorship tools to activists."

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 10:02
ei Florian -- it's also because crap like this is happening among the not-so-ultra-right... maybe 10%, maybe more, of the country: time-1.jpg And of course Snowden would be taken out by such folks if he ever was to enter the US again... Gah, it's all quite ridiculous ... if it weren't so ominous in so many ways... JH

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 09:24
HI Florian -- Speaking from the Belly of the Beast (semi-rural Arizona, next to Idaho and Alaska in terms of right-wing folks), the media consumption and actual media content here is literally stunning -- the volume on shouting heads (never-mind talking heads!!!) has the media consumer floating like a half-dead fish on the surface after dynamite in the water... It's coming from all directions, and just wait for maybe next week, when Social Security checks stop. There will be (armed) people on the streets... I see evidences of Empire in serious decline and I believe this strange passive-aggressivity will only increase as a feature of the whole damn thing. Where I am the dominant sentiment is not a far stretch from rural Afghanistan where many folks are heavily armed in their homes. Much more than an AK-47 for every man... FYI, my friend, the writer George Saunders had a great book out a couple years ago with the lead short story "The Braindead Megaphone" which explores the chilling scenario from a harsh s

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 05:20
The degree of surveillance will simply escalate along with the technology -- what's unjust is the access to the information: the proverbial level-playing-field was the one big "underlying" promise of the Internet... We all should be able to learn where the rogue-cops, corrupt CEOs, gangsters, embedded politicos live, what they buy, how much they're paid and by-whom, etc. Years ago I remember a story about a small town in France(?) that mounted accessible-web-cams in most public areas (including police stations) so that any citizen at any time could monitor and report on transgressions to the common-good, with the result that police were hardly needed as there was little crime and the community felt much safer/responsible. Is Obama Bin Laden still playing cards? /:b ============= Global Islands Project: "We fill the craters left by the bombs And once again we sing And once again we sow Because life never surrenders."

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 01:37
One aspect doesn't seem to have been addressed here yet: that the Panopticon may be an outmoded metaphor because of its sole emphasis on visuality. Twelve years ago, in 2001, the exhibition "ctrl_space" at ZKM Karlsruhe drew deserved criticism after its curators had departed from the notion of the panopticon and narrowed down the show to visual surveillance: primarily, cctv cameras and video installation work. This was at a time when Telepolis and other media had extensively covered Echelon, the NSA communications surveillance program that preceded PRISM []. The ZKM curators apparently couldn't deal with Echelon because it wasn't visual and thus not easily translatable into an exhibition, and because it didn't fit Foucault's and Deleuze's canonical cultural studies theories of surveillance as smoothly. In 2013, we're watching this history repeat itself as a farce. Many people (myself included) are flabbergasted by the lack of mass-scale protest against the govern

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 16 October, 2013 - 00:46
That's a slight exaggeration. See A nitpick: it's Tor, not TOR. Many people and organization funded Tor. Even US federal agencies are not homogenous. Some of them might oppose anonymizing technologies, not realizing that other agencies depend on their existance. I'm unhappy to hear you bought into the propaganda rhetoric. A recent hidden services survey, based on a Tor weakness fixed since found that vanilla uses of Tor are in the majority. Perfect anonymity and accountability are obviously mutually exclusive. # distributed via <nettime>: no commercial use without permission # <nettime> is a moderated mailing list for net criticism, # collaborative text filtering and cultural politics of the nets # more info: # archive: contact: nettime< at >

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 15 October, 2013 - 21:19
Hello list. On Tor, Surely the latter It seems to me that [US] State feels a clear need to hold both sides of this technology -- its availability, and its redress -- much as it avails itself of diplomacy as well as espionage. I find this thread very useful but I find it, too, difficult to imagine what "much" of an uproar might resemble. Would not the uproar be necessarily reluctant to self-announce? Even if we take for granted that that sort of movement cannot properly be viewed in clear relief, there is, at the same time, a certain legal nervousness both within and without the US, which reflects a seriousness to the Snowden challenge. One can hear this in Obama's speeches on the issue: minimizing Snowden by age and occupation, but mustering too an incredible and -- we agree -- sinister response, not just to Snowden, but to electronic disclosure in general. This may be. Although doing so is not within my expertise, it seems helpful to re-imagine the list and scope of the actors. I'm not even sure wh

"Arresting the Unjustly Homeless while they Learn to Code"

Nettime - 15 October, 2013 - 17:28
Good piece on the failed attempt to "rescue" a homeless person by teaching him to code: The whole "[Some disadvantaged group] just needs to learn to code" argument is probably too ridiculous to get into here. But this case highlights another sad fact about many people in the tech community: They seem to have no clue at all about how the everyday world works. Governments, laws, social classes, and all the rest--it's like they've never heard of any of these things. Back in the '90s Cypherpunk days (I was involved with the group, and thought they were generally a great bunch, so I don't mean to criticize them), you'd hear people say in all seriousness that "governments are no match for our mathematics," or words to that effect. This always struck me as dangerously naive. There were nods to "rubber-hose cryptanalysis"--if the bad guys can't crack your algorithm, they'll just get your password by beating it out of you. But it was always a footnote, when in fact it mi

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the DigitalPanopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 15 October, 2013 - 13:44
Do we need laws (which, apparently will be tossed aside under the veil of secrecy), or do we need technologies? The US State Dept, somewhat schizophrenically, poured billions of dollars to the development of TOR, and other privacy enhancing technologies. It had to. It had to create those white spaces on the map from where political dissidents could operate. (TOR (and Wikileaks) are panoptic technologies themselves: they hide the guards of misbehaving governments). The US was slow to realize (or did they know this from the beginning?), that many will join these technological safe havens: pedophiles, pirates, drug dealers, terrorists, you name it. Their vibrant existence forces us to reconsider the social contract: we may have to surrender a certain level of order in order to benefit from the freedom that ensues. b.-

Stallman: How Much Surveillance Can Democracy Withstand?

Nettime - 15 October, 2013 - 12:50 By Richard Stallman, 10.14.13 The current level of general surveillance in society is incompatible with human rights. To recover our freedom and restore democracy, we must reduce surveillance to the point where it is possible for whistleblowers of all kinds to talk with journalists without being spotted. To do this reliably, we must reduce the surveillance capacity of the systems we use. Using free/libre software, as I’ve advocated for 30 years, is the first step in taking control of our digital lives. We can’t trust non-free software; the NSA uses and even creates security weaknesses in non-free software so as to invade our own computers and routers. Free software gives us control of our own computers, but that won’t protect our privacy once we set foot on the internet. Bipartisan legislation to “curtail the domestic surveillance powers” in the U.S. is being drawn up, but it relies on l

Re: Pascal Zachary: Rules for the Digital Panopticon(IEEE)

Nettime - 14 October, 2013 - 14:01
On Fri, Oct 11, 2013 at 11:32:11AM +0100, Nick wrote: Of course in case of state surveillance, this will cause the unwilling subjects to exert counterpressure, ultimatively making looking for terrorism a self-fullfilling prophecy. Of course if you're fishing for evidence to justify your budget, and look for more... honi soit.

Thomas Frank: TED talks are lying to you

Nettime - 14 October, 2013 - 12:44 Sunday, Oct 13, 2013 01:00 PM CEST TED talks are lying to you The creative class has never been more screwed. Books about creativity have never been more popular. What gives? By Thomas Frank The writer had a problem. Books he read and people he knew had been warning him that the nation and maybe mankind itself had wandered into a sort of creativity doldrums. Economic growth was slackening. The Internet revolution was less awesome than we had anticipated, and the forward march of innovation, once a cultural constant, had slowed to a crawl. One of the few fields in which we generated lots of novelties — financial engineering — had come back to bite us. And in other departments, we actually seemed to be going backward. You could no longer take a supersonic airliner across the Atlantic, for example, and sending astronauts to the moon had become either fiscally insupportable or just passé. And yet the troubled writer also knew that th

Book Review: "The Circle" by Dave Eggers (NYT)

Nettime - 14 October, 2013 - 10:12
original to: A Novel Prompts a Conversation About How We Use Technology By JULIE BOSMAN and CLAIRE CAIN MILLER Has Dave Eggers written a parable of our time, an eviscerating takedown of Silicon Valley and its privacy-invading technology companies? Or has he missed his target, producing a sanctimonious screed that fails to humanize its characters and understand its subject? Book critics are divided over the quality of Mr. Eggers’s highly anticipated novel “The Circle,” which went on sale Tuesday. But in Silicon Valley and beyond, the book’s theme promises to spark an even bigger debate over the 21st-century hyperconnected world that Mr. Eggers describes. Set in an “undefined future time,” Mr. Eggers’s novel tells the story of Mae Holland, a young idealist who comes to work at the Circle, an immensely powerful technology company that has conquered all its competitors by creating a single log-in for people to search, shop and socialize online. Initial orders have lifted th

Re: A CEO who resisted NSA spying is out of prison.

Nettime - 14 October, 2013 - 05:27
[Cc: cypherpunks-ItmAqHPOIbAdnm+yROfE0A< at >, info-lfXsXZLTG3+GglJvpFV4uA< at >, zs-p2p-cWFMoju5LpeZ04cT+8uYmw< at > -- mod (tb)] At 02:46 AM 10/4/2013, Eugen Leitl wrote: I never liked Joe Nacchio, back when he and I used to work for the same company. I didn't know him personally (he was probably a VP by then, in a different organization); he was an aggressive sales guy who liked to brag about his Porsche. But he was also insightful about the state of the business even in the mid-80s, and anybody in 2000-2001 who didn't have a clue that the telcos were in for a world of trouble had no business running one. He might have had more specific knowledge about the specific troubles Qwest was having, but besides the overall crash that the DotCom boom was going through, the telcos had just done a huge round of overbuilding on fiber, there was a glut of the stuff because everybody was doing it, and DWDM (dense wavelength division multiplexing) meant that you had to pour a

Re: rules of the digital panopticon

Nettime - 13 October, 2013 - 15:08
Hello, People seem to be missing one critical aspect of the panopiticon and if you have ever been inside of a prison based on these principles, which I have, the missing element is quite apparent. The central location of the observation tower created a type of one way mirror in which prisoners could be observed by the guards but the guards could not be observed by the prisoners. The operative principle was that prisoners could not tell when they were being observed and were conditioned to assume that they were under 24 hour surveillance. The theory was (and to some extent was realised) that prisoners would be forced to condition their behaviour because of the assumption that they were under constant observation. This works fine if you assume that prisoners have no intelligence and that guards are strictly following the routines associated with observation and surveillance. In fact neither is the case. So, a distinction needs to be made between the panopticon on paper, in theory, and how it worked in practi